Gambaran Pengetahuan Ibu Tentang Penyakit Asma Pada Ibu Hamil Di Desa Situak Barat Jorong Kampung Tengah Kecamatan Lembah Melintang Kabupaten Pasaman Barat Tahun 2020
Keywords:Mother's knowledge, about asthma
Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract with a major hereditary component, respiratory tract infections with varying symptoms such as mild wheezing to bronchoconstriction (Maryunani, 2017). According to WHO (2018), asthma is 17.4% of case deaths worldwide. The Indonesian Ministry of Health in 2018 stated that the number of asthma sufferers in Indonesia reached 45% or equivalent to 11.8 million patients per year. The purpose of this study was to describe maternal knowledge about asthma in pregnant women in Situak Barat Village, Jorong, Middle Village, Lembah Melintang District, West Pasaman Regency. This research method is descriptive with accidental sampling as many as 30 mothers from a population of 132 mothers. The time of this research is June-August 2020. The results show that the general description of mother's knowledge is in the Tofu Category (63.47%). The results of the analysis based on the categories obtained were the same, namely the majority/highest 60.0% (18 people) in the Tofu Category, followed by the very knowledgeable category at 30.0% (3 people), and the less knowledgeable category at 10.0% (9 people). Shows the highest tofu category, which is based on age at the age of 31-35 years by 66.7% (8 people), based on education in junior high school by 100.0% (3 people), based on work at IRT as much as 75.0% (3 people ), based on sources of information on printed media as many as 66.7% (6 people), and based on parity in primiparas as many as 75.0% (3 people). Correlation of all questionnaires = 0.869; means that the level of confidence in the questionnaire is 86.9% and the coefficient of determination means that the ability of the questionnaire as a test tool for maternal knowledge about asthma in pregnant women is 75.5%. The results of the correlation analysis between the Independent and Dependent Variables show that there is no significant correlation of all variables. In conclusion, the description of maternal knowledge belongs to the category of knowing about asthma in pregnant women.
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